Frequency and Characteristics of Ocular Trauma in a Tertiary Care Hospital in Lodhran

Authors

  • Muhammad Luqman Ali Bahoo Ahmad Zeeshan Jamil Beenish Karamat

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36351/pjo.v34i2.953

Abstract

Purpose: To find the frequency and characteristics of ocular trauma in a tertiary care hospital in Lodhran. Study design: Cross sectional study. Sampling Technique: Convenient non-probability sampling. Place and duration of study: This study was conducted at Shahida Islam Teaching Hospital affiliated with Shahida Islam Medical College, Lodhran from December 2016 to September 2018. Material and Methods: Detailed history and ocular examination were performed with regard to age, gender, classification of ocular trauma, aetiology of trauma, place where trauma occurred, note of ocular damage, nature of object, activity at the time of injury, presenting visual acuity and time lapse before presentation to hospital after trauma were recorded. Results: There were 393 patients included in this study. Mean age of patients was 28.97 ± 12.59 years. There were 198 (50.4%) closed globe and 195 (49.6%) open globe injuries. In 53 (13.5%) cases injury was caused by metal object. In 132 (33.6%) cases injury was classified as contusion. In 146 (37.2%) cases cornea was involved. There were 95 (24.2%) cases that occurred in home. In 156 (39.7%) cases presenting visual acuity was less than 6/60. There were 272 (69.2%) males and 121 (30.8%) females. There were 342 (87.0%) patients who presented within 1 day after trauma. In 122 (31.0%) cases there was prolapse of ocular contents. Conclusion: Ocular trauma occurred more commonly in males. It was blunt and occurred in home setting in most of the times. Most of the eye injuries aetiological agent was metal and wood. Key Words: Blindness. Contusion. Corneal injuries. Ocular trauma.

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Published

01-04-2019

How to Cite

1.
Beenish Karamat MLABAZJ. Frequency and Characteristics of Ocular Trauma in a Tertiary Care Hospital in Lodhran. pak J Ophthalmol [Internet]. 2019 Apr. 1 [cited 2024 Mar. 5];34(2). Available from: https://pjo.org.pk/index.php/pjo/article/view/953

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Section

Editorial