Frequency of the Ophthalmological Disorders Associated with Headache


  • Muhammad Asharib Arshad, Syed Abdullah, Syed Abdullah Mazhar, Nazish Ali, Ahsan Zil-e-Ali, Manzra Shaheen



Purpose: To determine the frequency of ophthalmological disorders associated with headache. Study Design: Cross-sectional study. Place and Duration of Study: This study was conducted in the outpatient department of Fatima Memorial Hospital from January 2018 to July 2018. Material and Methods: The sample population was selected through nonprobability, convenience sampling technique. A proforma was filled that included questions about the characteristics of headache and the ocular findings on examination. Complete eye examination was done by a consultant ophthalmologist. The various disorders related with headache were divided into the following categories that included ocular, non-ocular, combined ocular and combined ocular with non-ocular causes. Statistical analysis was done using SPSS version 23. Results: Out of the 180 patients, 127 (70.6%) were females and 53 (29.4%) were males. The mean age was 25.02 ± 12.89 years ranging from 5 to 80 years. In the ocular causes, the most common were asthenopias present in 83 (46.11%) patients. These included 29 (16.1%) patients of convergence insufficiency, 18 (10%) patients with hypermetropia, 15 (8.3%) patients with myopia, 7 (3.9%) patients with presbyopia and 4 (2.2%) patients with increased mobile and computer usage. The patients who suffered from other ocular causes such as keratoconus and hypertensive retinopathy were 2 each (1.1%) and the number of patients presenting with acute uveitis, blepharitis, retinal detachment and squint were 1 each (0.6%). In the non-ocular causes, 61 (33.9%) patients presented with migraine.




How to Cite

Ahsan Zil-e-Ali, Manzra Shaheen MAASASAMNA. Frequency of the Ophthalmological Disorders Associated with Headache. pak J Ophthalmol [Internet]. 2019 Apr. 1 [cited 2024 Mar. 5];34(2). Available from:



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