Comparative Study of Strabismic and Anisometropic Amblyopic Patching Treatment
Purpose: To compare the effectiveness of strabismic and anisometropic amblyopic patching treatment in strabismic and anisometropic patients among the age group (4-10 years).
Study Design: Prospective case series.
Place and Duration of study: Amanat Eye Hospital from May 2014 to November 2014.
Material and Methods: Prospective case series was conducted in 100 children among the age group 4 – 10 years. Cycloplegic refraction was done by the use of cyclopentolate eye drops 1.0% in every child. After best-corrected refraction in the amblyopic eye, patients were instructed to use glasses strictly along with patching of the good eye.
Results: The mean age and SD of the patients was 7.09 years±1.821SD. There were 56% male and 44% female. There was an insignificant difference in best-corrected visual acuity for strabismic and anisometropic amblyopia among three and six months patching result. Vision improvement were seen in 75% and 25% were not improved after three months of the patching treatment. After six months of patching treatment, vision improvement was observed in 51% patients while 49% did not improve in strabismic and anisometropic amblyopia. Vision improvement after six months patching treatment was comparatively less than three months patching treatment.
Conclusion: This study concludes that the improvement of vision after three months of patching treatment was comparatively greater than six months of patching treatment among strabismic and anisometropic amblyopia.
Key words: Amblyopia, patching therapy, strabismus, anisometropia.