Pattern of Presentation and Factors Leading to Ocular Trauma
Purpose: To describe the pattern, extent and severity of ocular injuries and to identify the factors leading to ocular trauma in patients presenting at Jinnah Hospital, Lahore.
Materials and Methods: We did a cross-sectional study at the Eye Department of Jinnah Hospital, Lahore over a period of six months from 25-09- 2006 to 24-03-2007.One hundred patients who presented with eye injury through the outpatient or emergency routes were included in the study. They were examined by standard procedures to note the areas injured, type and extent of injury and impact on vision.
Results: The men in the age groups between 18 and 45 years were the most commonly affected group. Only 3 % of the case had bilateral injury. The most common injury was penetrating trauma with sharp objects. Domestic environment was the most common setting for trauma to occur. More than 3/4th of the patients had visual acuity worse than 6/60 at presentation. Open globe injury counted for 57 % injuries. Mechanical injuries were more common than thermal and chemical injuries combined.
Conclusion: Systematic collection of standardized data on the occurrence of eye injuries can help the ophthalmologist play a key role in successfully preventing ocular trauma. Preventive measures should be targeted at young men.