Coexistence of Diabetic Retinopathy and Diabetic Foot in Patients Admitted at Indoor Facility of a Tertiary Care Center

Doi: 10.36351/pjo.v40i2.1782

Authors

  • Afia Matloob Rana
  • Erum Yousafzai
  • Humara Gul
  • Waseem Akhter

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36351/pjo.v40i2.1782

Abstract

Purpose:  To determine frequency of “diabetic retinopathy (DR)” in patients admitted at a tertiary care hospital with diabetic foot.

Study Design:  Cross sectional study.

Place and Duration of Study:  HBS medical and dental college, Islamabad from November 2022 to November 2023.

Methods:  Sixty two patients admitted with “diabetic foot ulcer”(DFU) were included in this study. Severity of DFU was assessed using . Patients were assessed for presence of “diabetic retinopathy (DR)” as well as its severity. Data was analyzed using SPSS 22.

Results:  Mean age was 49.37 ± 11.02 years. There were 34 (54.84%) males and 28 (45.16%) females. Mean HbA1C% was 9.46 ± 1.11%. Mean duration of diabetes was 10.06 ± 5.53 years. Forty five percent patients had diabetic retinopathy (DR). Amongst these patients diagnosed with DR (n = 45), 6 (13.33%) had mild non-proliferative DR, 20 (44.44%) had moderate non-proliferative DR, 14 (31.11%) had severe non-proliferative DR and 5 (11.11%) had proliferative DR. According to Wagner Grade there were 32 (51.61%), patients with grade 2 DFU, 19 (30.65%) had grade 1 and 11 (17.74%) had grade 3. Coexistence of diabetic retinopathy and diabetic foot in patients admitted at indoor facility was 72.58%.

Conclusion:  Prevalence of “diabetic retinopathy (DR)” in patients admitted with diabetic foot was 72.58%. Presence of diabetic foot can be considered as strong predictor of presence of concomitant “diabetic retinopathy”.

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Published

01-04-2024

How to Cite

1.
Matloob Rana A, Yousafzai E, gul H, Akhter W. Coexistence of Diabetic Retinopathy and Diabetic Foot in Patients Admitted at Indoor Facility of a Tertiary Care Center: Doi: 10.36351/pjo.v40i2.1782. pak J Ophthalmol [Internet]. 2024 Apr. 1 [cited 2024 Jul. 20];40(2). Available from: https://pjo.org.pk/index.php/pjo/article/view/1782

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Original Articles