Assessment of Barriers to the Utilization and Acceptance of Low Vision Devices

10.36351/pjo.v39i1.1518

Authors

  • Wardah Afzaal
  • Irum Riaz Superior University: Lahore, Punjab, PK
  • Ubaidullah Jan
  • Shahid Noor
  • Ahmed Sohail

Abstract

Purpose:  To assess barriers to the utilization and acceptance of Low vision devices (LVDs).

Study Design:  Cross sectional study.

Place and Duration of Study:  LRBT Hospital, Lahore from February 2022 to June 2022.

Methods:  The study included 117 patients who noticed an improvement in the LVDs trial but were still reluctant to use LVDs. Patients with best-corrected visual acuity (BCVA) of < 1/60 or a remaining visual field of less than 5˚around central fixation were not included. Patients with lower cognitive levels or psychiatric impairments were also excluded from participating. Self-structured questionnaire was used. Data on age, gender, occupation, diagnosis, preferred LVDs, patient’s impression of visual loss, and the main cause of LVDs rejection were analyzed. The Chi-square test was used to determine association. A value of (P < 0.05) was considered significant.

 Results:  The highest non-acceptance rate (45.2%) was seen in patients > 60 years of age. Leading causes for non-acceptance of LVDs were social stigma in patients aged < 40 years (29.7%), fear of losing a job in patients aged 41-60 years (26.1%), and low necessity in patients aged > 60 years (30%).The rate of non-acceptance was highest for retinitis pigmentosa (71.4%) and lowest for diabetic retinopathy (12.5%). Handheld magnifiers had the lowest non-acceptance rate of all the devices (45%).Non-acceptance rates were higher for telescopes and non-optical devices (77.8% and 73.3% respectively).

Conclusion:  The reasons for limited LVDs utilization go beyond affordability or availability. Understanding these barriers can facilitate in devising content for the patient, healthcare professionals, and general public awareness campaigns.

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Published

31-12-2022

How to Cite

1.
Afzaal W, Irum Riaz, Jan U, Noor S, Sohail A. Assessment of Barriers to the Utilization and Acceptance of Low Vision Devices: 10.36351/pjo.v39i1.1518. pak J Ophthalmol [Internet]. 2022 Dec. 31 [cited 2023 Feb. 1];39(1). Available from: https://pjo.org.pk/index.php/pjo/article/view/1518

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Original Articles