Using Survey Scale to Assess the Reduction in Intensity of Vernal Keratoconjunctivitis Symptoms after Administration of Drugs in Tertiary Care Hospital

Doi: 10.36351/pjo.v38i3.1410

Authors

  • Poombal Nishtar Medical University
  • Rao Rashad Qamar Nishtar Medical University & Hospital, Multan
  • Waseem Sajjad Nishtar Medical University & Hospital, Multan
  • Wamiq Mahmood Nishtar Medical University & Hospital, Multan
  • Aiman Quaid-e-Azam Medical College, Bahawalpur

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36351/pjo.v38i3.1410

Abstract

Purpose:To establish the practicality of the survey scale in estimating baseline severity at the time of diagnosis and resolution of the vernal keratoconjunctivitis (VKC) symptoms after topical medication

Study Design:Longitudinal survey design

Place and Duration of Study: Ophthalmology department of Nishtar Medical Hospital, Multan.from June 2021 to November 2021

Methods: A total of 267 VKC (vernal keratoconjunctivitis) patients' data was filled in on preformed Google forms. Improvement in symptoms after follow-ups was recorded on it. Chi-squared test an Kruskal-Wallis test were employed to determine the statistical significance of the variables.

Results:There were 52.4% females and mean age of the patients was 29.52+18.39 years. There was preponderance of patients falling under 20 years of age. At baseline, 63.3% patients were on topical steroids, while 5.6% of patients were using steroids at the second follow-up visit. The mean interval between patients’ visits to the hospital was 7.64 ± 2.086 weeks. Nonparametric Kruskal-Wallis test was used to calculate the difference in means of radial point scale scores at the baseline examination (4.47 ± 2.321) and second follow-up (1.31 ± 1.615) visits. Z-score value was 15.266 with a significance of 0.001. For patient satisfaction and resolution of symptoms at the second follow-up visit, Chi-square values were 164.75 and 119.55, respectively, with a significance of 0.001 in each case.

Conclusion: The survey scale aided in quantifying disease symptoms, which can be useful in prescribing and adjusting the medications’ dosage easier.

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Published

01-07-2022

How to Cite

1.
Poombal, Qamar RR, Sajjad W, Mahmood W, Aiman. Using Survey Scale to Assess the Reduction in Intensity of Vernal Keratoconjunctivitis Symptoms after Administration of Drugs in Tertiary Care Hospital: Doi: 10.36351/pjo.v38i3.1410. pak J Ophthalmol [Internet]. 2022 Jul. 1 [cited 2022 Aug. 11];38(3). Available from: https://pjo.org.pk/index.php/pjo/article/view/1410

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Original Articles