Relationship between Body Mass Index and Intraocular Pressure in Diabetic and Hypertensive Adults

Authors

  • Farnaz Siddiqui, Saba Alkhairy, Mazhar-ul-Hassan, Darshan Kumar

DOI:

https://doi.org/10.36351/pjo.v32i1.128

Abstract

Purpose: To Evaluate the relationship between body mass index and intraocular
pressure in Diabetic and Hypertensive adults presenting to the Out Patient
department of Dow International Medical College.
Study Design: Descriptive Cross – sectional study.
Place and Duration of Study: Department of Ophthalmology, Dow University
Hospital (Ojha Campus) of Dow International Medical College, Dow University of
Health Sciences, Karachi, Pakistan from 15 March 2015 to 15 April 2015.
Material and Methods: This study done in the Department of Ophthalmology,
Dow University Hospital (Ojha campus) of Dow International Medical College,
Dow University of health sciences, Karachi, Pakistan from 15 March 2015 to 15
April 2015. 101 patients were Included in the study group who were known
Diabetics with or without Hypertension. Height, weight, blood pressure and
intraocular pressure (IOP) were recorded in these patients. IOP was measured
using the Goldmann applanation tonometer. The correlation between Body Mass
Index (BMI) and IOP was calculated and the statistical analysis was done by
SPSS version 21.
Results: 101 patients were examined, 45 were males and 56 were females.
Mean BMI was 29.86 ± 5.87 in patients having diabetes with hypertension and
27.49 ± 4.99 in only diabetic patients. The mean IOP was found to be 16.34 ±
0.34 in diabetic and hypertensive patients and 15.98 ± 0.43 in diabetic patients.
BMI was significantly correlated with IOP in both diabetic with or without
hypertensive adults.
Conclusion: These results show a correlation between BMI and IOP in both
diabetic patients with or without hypertension. Increase in BMI is strongly
associated with increase in IOP.
Key words: Body Mass Index, Diabetes, Hypertension, Intraocular Pressure,
Glaucoma.

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Published

31-03-2016

How to Cite

1.
Mazhar-ul-Hassan, Darshan Kumar FSSA. Relationship between Body Mass Index and Intraocular Pressure in Diabetic and Hypertensive Adults. pak J Ophthalmol [Internet]. 2016 Mar. 31 [cited 2022 Aug. 17];32(1). Available from: https://pjo.org.pk/index.php/pjo/article/view/128

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Section

Review Articles