Indications And Outcomes Of Penetrating Keratoplasty at a Tertiary Hospital in Bangladesh

Doi:10.36351/pjo.v36i4.1117

  • A S M Moin Uddin Ispahani Islamia Eye Hospital
  • Chandana Sultana Ispahani Islamia Eye Institute & Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Md. A. Muntakim Shahid Ispahani Islamia Eye Institute & Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh
  • Mohammed Rashed Ispahani Islamia Eye Institute & Hospital
  • Mohammad Shamsal Islam Orbis International Bangladesh Country Office
Keywords: Penetrating, Keratoplasty, Bangladesh, Keratoconus, Corneal Dystrophy.

Abstract

Purpose:  To find out the indications and outcomes of Penetrating Keratoplasty at a tertiary eye hospital in Dhaka, Bangladesh.

Study Design:  This was a retrospective hospital based study.

Place and Duration of Study:  Ispahani Islamia Eye Institute and Hospital, Dhaka, Bangladesh from July 2011 and July 2018.

Methods:  In this study, data was collected from the records of patients, who came for treatment at the cornea unit. Pre-operative evaluation and post-operative follow-up record was analyzed. Patents’ demographic information, visual acuity, management, pre and post-operative complications, follow-up visits and outcomes were recorded. A technical research team headed by a senior consultant determined the content validity and their comments were incorporated in finalizing the research instruments.

Results:  A total of 213 penetrating keratoplasties (PK) were performed during the study period. The main indications were keratoconus (8.28%), Corneal scarring (41.42%), Adherent leukomas (25.59%), corneal dystrophy (3.84) and bullous keratopathy (7.25%). Rejection rates at 8 years were 5.62%. Keratoconus showed the best graft survival (79%). The percentage of patients with post-transplant best-corrected visual acuity of 6/36 at 8 years was 52%. There was a statistically significant reduced rejection rate in males.

Conclusion:  Penetrating Keratoplasty is an effective treatment option for improving visual outcomes for people with visual impairment. There are many co-factors involved with a quality outcome of patients with Penetrating Keratoplasty such as immunological rejection, microbial keratitis and patient level of awareness, which continue to limit the success.

Key Words:  Penetrating, Keratoplasty, Bangladesh, Keratoconus, Corneal Dystrophy.

Published
2020-09-06
How to Cite
1.
Uddin ASM, Sultana C, Shahid MAM, Rashed M, Islam M. Indications And Outcomes Of Penetrating Keratoplasty at a Tertiary Hospital in Bangladesh. pjo [Internet]. 6Sep.2020 [cited 19Oct.2020];36(4). Available from: https://pjo.org.pk/index.php/pjo/article/view/1117
Section
Original Articles