Intra-Operative and Immediate Post-Operative Complications of Cataract Surgery in an Eye Camp

Doi: 10.36351/pjo.v36i3.1056

  • Asad Azeem Mirza Dow University of Health Sciences
  • Saba Al Khairy
  • Mazhar- ul-Hassan
  • Shahid Azeem Mirza
  • Saad Aslam
  • Farnaz Siddique
Keywords: Cataract, Phacoemulsification, Extracapsular cataract extraction

Abstract

Purpose: To analyze the intra-operative and immediate post-operative complications in patients after cataract
surgery in an eye camp.
Study Design: Descriptive cross-sectional study.
Place and Duration of Study: The study was conducted in a village of Nawabshah, Sindh, Pakistan from 7th to
9th of February 2020.
Material and Methods: Fifteen hundred patients were screened for visual disabilities of which 150 were selected
for the study. They had a visual acuity of less than 6/9 in one or both eyes and had a cataract. The selected
patients were operated using either phacoemulsification, extracapsular cataract extraction ECCE), intracapsular
cataract extraction (ICCE) or small incision cataract surgery (SICS). The immediate intra-operative as well as
post-operative complications on day 1 after surgery were observed.
Results: One hundred and fifty patients were operated. Age ranged from 14 years to 90 years, males were
58.7% and females were 41.3%. The most common procedure performed was phacoemulsification 51.3%,
followed by ECCE 30.0%, then SICS 18.0% and ICCE 0.7%. The most common intra-operative complication was
posterior capsule rent and the most common post-operative complication was striate keratopathy which was seen
in 14.0% individuals. There was a significant association found for post-operative complications with gender with
females having more post-operative complications as compared to males (P-value = 0.001 < 0.001).
Conclusion: Camp surgeries when performed with strict sterilization and in experienced hands can play an
important role in treating cataract, which is the commonest cause of preventable blindness in developing
countries

Published
2020-05-04
How to Cite
1.
Mirza A, Al Khairy S, ul-Hassan M-, Mirza S, Aslam S, Siddique F. Intra-Operative and Immediate Post-Operative Complications of Cataract Surgery in an Eye Camp. pjo [Internet]. 4May2020 [cited 24Sep.2020];36(3). Available from: http://pjo.org.pk/index.php/pjo/article/view/1056
Section
Original Article